The story of surveillance in Britain and the United States. Written by prize-winning historian and intelligence expert Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, it is the first time that this story has been told in full, from the detective agencies of the late nineteenth century to wikileaks and whistle-blower Edward Snowden in the twenty-first. What emerges is a story in which governments habitually abuse their surveillance powers once granted, demonstratingthe need for proper controls. But, as Jeffreys-Jones makes clear, this is not simply a story of the Orwellian state. While private sector firms have sometimes acted as a brake on surveillance by thestate (particularly in the electronic era), they have also often engaged in dubious surveillance practices of their own. Oversight and regulation, he argues, therefore need to be universal and not simply focus on the threat to the individual posed by the agencies of government..